The scripts/commands in the configuration file /etc/rc.d/rc.local could not work at boot time in a CentOS/RHEL 7 system. Same used to work in earlier CentOS/RHEL versions. Is it depricated or is there a workaround to still use this method?
The rc.local service is stopped by default in CentOS/RHEL 7. If you check the etc/rc.d/rc.local configuration file, there are hints about this.
# cat /etc/rc.d/rc.local #!/bin/bash # THIS FILE IS ADDED FOR COMPATIBILITY PURPOSES # # It is highly advisable to create own systemd services or udev rules # to run scripts during boot instead of using this file. # # In contrast to previous versions due to parallel execution during boot # this script will NOT be run after all other services. # # Please note that you must run 'chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local' to ensure # that this script will be executed during boot. touch /var/lock/subsys/local
The WorkAround (解决方案)
- With systemd, the init scripts are not there any more. Consequently, the execution of tasks at boot time had to change. In CentOS/RHEL 7, the /etc/rc.d/rc.local file is controlled by rc-local service.
... [Unit] Description=/etc/rc.d/rc.local Compatibility ConditionFileIsExecutable=/etc/rc.d/rc.local After=network.target [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/rc.local start TimeoutSec=0 RemainAfterExit=yes
- By default, the file /etc/rc.d/rc.local don’t have
execution permission. Please append the execution permissions to this file.
# ls -l /etc/rc.d/rc.local -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 473 Nov 8 00:20 /etc/rc.d/rc.local # chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local # ls -l /etc/rc.d/rc.local -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 473 Nov 8 00:20 /etc/rc.d/rc.local
- Enable rc.local service, to make sure it starts every time after a reboot.
# systemctl enable rc-local
Confirm whether the service is enabled:
# systemctl status rc-local.service
- Then, please start the rc-local service.
# systemctl start rc-local